Córdoba Travel Guide

Córdoba Travel Guide

córdoba once the most important metropolis of the caliphates a city of harmony and also great contrast the ponte Romana extends across the girdle covere and leads to the old town with its 16 archers the Roman bridge that spans the river is one of the city's main landmarks córdoba owes its location to this big river the city is one of the finest and most cultural in the Occident cordoba is a city in which the history of the Caliph's romans jews and christians is still very much alive this was the center of the arab realm of the al-andalus that reached its peak around 1000 AD the city's most important building is the mesquita cathedral in the center of the old town it's undoubtedly the most splendid Mosque of Moorish Islamic origin on the Iberian Peninsula you construction of the main mosque began in 785 AD during the rule of a bird ar-rahman the first it was an enormous project the world's third-largest mosque was built on the site of a West gothic Christian Church that had itself been built on the remains of a Roman temple a variety of materials was used and Roman and West gothic columns pedestals and capitals of various sizes and designs were employed orange Yard can be entered from the north through the Gateway of a huge bell tower a place of tranquility and contemplation surrounded by shady arcades with each extension the mast became ever more splendid and impressive the interior of the sacred building is known as the forest of a thousand columns each of those columns is unique it creates an overwhelming impression of infinity after the Christian conquest a cathedral was erected within the mosques prayer hall that looks somewhat incongruous among the Islamic architecture for that very reason a number of the columns were destroyed today Christian embellishments of stone are supported by Moorish arches that are totally unique right up until today nobody has dared to remove the result of this architectural misdeed so originated the name mesquite circuit a draw it's huge exterior walls make the building appear like a fortress with Moorish gates and windows Jude area is the name of the former Jewish quarter whose labyrinths like complex of alleys extends around the mosque synagogues and statues are reminders of a bygone time during the time of the caliphates in the middle of the 10th century many jews moved to cordoba settled in the streets around mezquita their religious tolerance was observed in this district Muslims Jews and Christians live peacefully together and enjoyed lively exchanges between their different cultures this was during a time when the city's commerce and art were at their Zenith small attractive courtyards exude peace and tranquility and the scent of flowers and blossom invades the senses the city's narrow labyrinth like alleys are waiting to be explored this district contains the remains of the walls of a Christian monastery and also one of the last three Jewish synagogues of the Middle Ages is situated here and is open to the public Hebrew writing covers the walls various statues or reminders of the Jewish scholars Maimonides and Seneca you in the Muslim Quarter shadow dim Jews attained high office in Cordoba and they were also honored and respected within the Jewish community you under Christian rule the period of religious tolerance ended in the 14th century and in 1492 the Jews were finally driven from the city you with its famous in the plaza del Potro is one of the symbols of the city and was mentioned by Cervantes during the Middle Ages cattle markets were held in the village square and Don Quixote rested here during his travels you the plaza santamarina dates back to the 17th century and was once used as a bullfighting arena also as a theatrical stage today it's frequently used as a marketplace the striking monument of the famous Spanish toreador man Oleta who was killed during a bullfight inside the arena occupies a large section of the square the Museo archaeological is housed within a palace that contains a considerable collection of early Christian Roman West gothic and most notably Islamic discoveries stone wall mosaics that date back to Roman times indicate the rich historical inheritance of the city and Islamic art that dates back to the high season of the caliphates provides an insight into the social life of this period at the heart of the collection is the Moorish section with its numerous treasures that came from the old palace city of madinat al-zahra from the center of the city tar the columns of a huge Roman temple a curious sight in the midst of a modern city the young Tommy Anto is one of the last remaining buildings of that golden era you Palacio de Vienna is a well-preserved building the dates back to the 14th century with 17 courtyard to the rich array of colorful Andalusian flowers this large palace belonged to the marquis of vienna whose descendants were unable to maintain it consequently they offered it to a publishing company and finally 1/4 Burbank saved the property and in 1980 opened it to the public the palace has a somewhat severe white facade but its interior is nevertheless a wonderful world of courtyards that open up to a variety of gardens numerous buildings are grouped around the courtyards a paragon of a noble residence that has developed over the centuries we and also a demonstration of the wealth of a bygone time a time of great artists and the development you mighty walls surround the Medina some of its old gates have survived such as the Puerta de Almodovar that leads into the Jewish quarter known to be a wealthy city Cordoba was considered to be a worthy prize and thus was well protected and fortified this mighty fortification complex served as a residence for the Catholic monarchy at the main gate King Alphonse xi welcomes his guests in the 14th century King Alphonse built this alcazar with its huge Park following Ferdinand the holiest termination of five centuries of Arabian rule during various hostilities in Grenada this fortress was a secure place for the Christian kings who planned their battles from within it's sturdy walls the park contains statues that are reminders of various great events of Spanish history and Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand stand close to Christopher Columbus who discovered America for the Spanish crown the entire complex is most impressive let's cleverly arranged park some areas of which are laid out according to Moorish tradition subsequent sections of the park have been created as contemporary gardens with fountains statues of espaliers that give an added impression of baroque character these splendid Gardens combine a radiant Flair with playful baroque and the result is a fascinating achievement water is in abundance and the constant sound of the water features seems to unite with the spirit of flamenco the various water features in front of the gates of the fortress reflect the artistic tastes of the Renaissance but the royal castle is also a reminder of history's darker side at the beginning of the 19th century the castle was home to the Spanish Inquisition much anguish was created from within its walls the castle also contains many furnishings and fittings that date back to Roman times and also some rather unusual royal baths that were not the norm for a Christian Palace of that period and which were based again on Moorish design on the periphery of the city is a small zoo that for many years has been somewhat neglected but today much effort is being made to improve the zoological done you it's quite amazing how this relatively small city is able to afford its own zoo at each paying visit is a welcomed contribution to its occupants directly opposite the zoo is the yard in Botanica an interesting area that contains a large variety of flowers and plants here the local and also exotic flora of each season of the year provides the visitor with an intriguing display there's also a gardening school and an assortment of plants and flower beds provide a good insight into botanical life in the adjoining botanical museum a modern multimedia presentation reveals everything about the olive tree in this region the olive is still enjoyed by one and all on a remote hill on the edge of the city is the San jerónimo monastery it was here that the region's monks retreated to follow their Christian faith far removed from the outside world once a large monastery with hundreds of monks today there are only a handful who continue their belief within its sacred walls you some kilometers further west and close to the Sierra Morena mountain range is the madinat al Sahara the ancient palace city of the caliphs it's construction began in 936 ad under rule of Abid RRM the third took around 25 years to complete this was a place of fine mosques and magnificent Moorish gardens in those days this was a project of the superlative however seventy years after its completion the city was attacked by the berber hordes and destroyed you later the Almora Vitus and the Alma Hadas plundered the area for their own buildings of us accelerated the decline of this extraordinary complex following the time when the madinat al-zahra had fallen into oblivion in 1911 excavation finally began on the Alcazar most noteworthy is a building whose magnificent main hall the salon at horseshoe arches has nearly reached its final stage of reconstruction in front of it a Moorish gardens most of which have been fully restored these were the settings for many a political debate you an army of servants was engaged care for the palace city which the caliph named after his favorite wife Zara during moorish times cordoba was one of the most splendid and cultural metropolis in the Occident and later the symbiosis of three cultures a combination of the arabic jewish and christian worlds cordoba the city on the big river the pearl of Andalusia you

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  1. Cordoba is a beautiful city and easy to get round on foot. The Mezquita is unmissable, though we enjoyed the original Moorish part of the building, rather than it's later Christian additions. Read more on our food and travel blog : chocolatehunters

  2. Cherilyn's son, removed at age 6 to inner-earth, never to play any further role in life, or know any pleasures I would disapprove of, immortal bliss pending my approval, …was… a 5th cousin branch of Metus lineage #1 upstream Indus Valley Pygmy, whom sole blood heired into unbroken Maya-Spain into my blood by Golden Circle.

  3. Crazy. don Quijote was a character in the Cervantes novel. He, therefore, never passed through Cordoba, having never existed. the narrator talks about the Spanish Inquisition as being in the 19th century!!! the one that started in 1492! If I found these mistakes so easily, it must mean that there are numerous other mistakes.
    The photograph is great, anyways.

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