Mauthausen Concentration Camp Today: Complete tour

Mauthausen Concentration Camp Today: Complete tour



between 1938 and 1945 the Mauthausen concentration camp was part of a network of concentration camps that stretched across the entire German rice and later on also across parts of the occupied territories the high wall in front of you was separated the part where the inmates were held the prisoners camp from other areas construction of the Mauthausen concentration camp began in August 1938 just a few months after the annexation of Austria to National Socialist Germany the first prisoners were transferred from – Heil concentration camp at first the camp consisted of only wooden barracks and an electric fence the imposing stone buildings and enclosure wall were not built until later today only a few parts of the former prisoners camp still exist they're also used to be barracks around where the visitor center is now located prisoners were usually transported to Mauthausen in large groups and by train often in freight trains or cattle trucks the filled with trees you see today was at the time of the camp a site of mass death this was the site of the so called sani Ted lager the infirmary camp it was originally established in 1941 as a camp for Soviet prisoners of war it consisted of several wooden barracks surrounded by an electric fence by the time it was finished in summer 1943 the majority of the Soviet prisoners of war were already dead therefore the camp was used to accommodate sick prisoners who were no longer able to work the granite quarries in Mauthausen and busan were the reason that the SS established concentration camps in these places in order to run and exploit the quarry's for economic gain it had founded its own company the Doha aired on Steinbach again Behar or German earth and stone works company a firm profited from the back-breaking labor of the concentration camp prisoners and produced enormous profits the Mauthausen quarry together with the one in the Goosen branch camp four kilometers away soon formed a giant industrial complex the quarry was also a site of extermination the so called stone carrying work detachment also known as the straf company the penal company was forced to carry granite blocks weighing up to 50 kilos up the quarry steps to the camp they were therefore called the stairs of death by the inmates prisoners were also deliberately killed here they were shot or pushed to their deaths over the edge of the point for the latter the SS used the cynical term parachutist when the concentration camp and memorial complex was established in 1949 only remnants of the original camp still remained from the 1950s onwards the nations to which the victims of the concentration camp had belonged started to erect their own memorials today the memorial park that grew up in the following decades is a mirror on the politics of the post-war era and the Cold War some of the states represented here such as the Soviet Union the GDR and Yugoslavia no longer exist others for example Ukraine were new and wanted to see themselves represented retrospectively the memorials are often national heroic and masculine in character consequently all those prisoners who did not fit to this image were excluded for a long time deported civilians those persecuted on racist crimes homosexuals and also women a memorial to Jewish victims was only erected in the 1970s and one to Roma and Sinti only in the 1990s this was the main office of the former camp administration it is the only SS building remaining today by the end of the war nearly eight thousand men were involved in guarding the main camp and sub caps for the high-ranking SS officers a separate residential estate was built not far from the camp where they lived with their families there were lots of different types of contact between the resident population and members of the SS such as economic relations joint festivities and marriages but also probables and other forms of conflict for the seven years of its existence only two common downs worked at the Mauthausen concentration camp the camp gatehouse was the only entrance to the prisoners camp consequently it was strictly guarded and controlled newly arrived inmates entered the prisoners camp for the first time through this gate this was followed by a lengthy admission procedure that was always accompanied by torture and harassment the prisoners were forced to line up along the camp wall they were often left standing there for several hours regardless of the burning Summer Sun or winter Frost's many died of exhaustion or from beatings by the cobbles or SS in camp jargon this section of the wall was given the name wailing wall the roll-call area was the focal point of the prisoners camp roll call took place two or three times a day on the roll call area for the SS the roll call was also a way to display the power they held over the prisoners the inmates had to stand to attention in perfect rows in all weathers regardless of rain snow or Sun the right-hand side of barrack one housed the camp clerk's office in the center of the barrack was the canteen here as a productivity incentive the prisoner functionaries and other privileged inmates would purchase goods such as tobacco personal hygiene articles and very occasionally additional foodstuffs the left hand side of the barrack was the prisoner brothel from 1942 onwards a visit to the brothel was only granted to a very few privileged prisoners each barrack in the prisoners camp was intended for 300 prisoners but during the second half of the war some barracks were being used to house up to 2,000 people they were divided into two rooms a and B each of which was divided into a sleeping area and a common room the latter was reserved for the small number of prisoner functionaries as a rule two or sometimes more prisoners had to share one bed on the wooden bunks often sheets and straw shacks were only provided for the prisoner functionaries everyone else usually had little more than an old woolen blanket daily life in the camp was shaped in equal measure by frenzied activity and monotony from 1941 to 1944 prisoners categorized as Jews were housed in room B of barrack five they were isolated from all other prisoners and were at the very bottom of the camp hierarchy they received fewer rations or a clothing and no form of protection from the cold in the winter they were also denied any medical treatment Jewish prisoners were assigned to particularly arduous work detachments under these conditions most died just a few days or weeks after their arrival others were deliberately murdered the barbed-wire fence to the north of the camp is a reconstruction dating from 1947 beyond the fence a memorial stone and a cross mark what is known as the ash dump this was the site of a rubbish tip that from 1944 was also used for the ashes of prisoners corpses burned in the crematorium ovens in the final months before liberation some 45,000 prisoners of the Mauthausen concentration camp and its subcamps died when the US army liberated the camp they found hundreds of unburied corpses the American liberators created cemeteries to bury these dead many prisoners also still died after liberation of disease and exhaustion they were also buried in the new cemeteries in the decades after the end of the war the use of these cemeteries was discontinued the mortal remains of the prisoners were exhumed in order to identify them some were transferred to their native countries others were reinterred in newly created cemeteries in the quarantine camp and in camp 2 today these cemeteries are the final resting place of over 14,000 people who died in the concentration camp this yard an area separated from the rest of the camp by a stone wall where barracks 16 to 20 were located was always used to isolate particular groups of prisoners for a long time it was the site of what was known as quarantine with 1,000 or more prisoners being held in them the barracks of the quarantine camp were usually completely overcrowded with neither beds nor blankets the hostile prison conditions led to a large number of deaths among the prisoners crowded together here from the beginning of 1945 barracks 16 to 18 were no longer used as a quarantine camp following the arrival of just under 2,000 women and children from the ravans barrack women's concentration camp the SS designated these barracks a so-called women's camp block 20 was considered a death block in 1944 and 1945 prisoners of war were interned here under horrific conditions seeing that their situation was hopeless around 500 prisoners from block 20 staged an escape attempt over 400 were able to escape they were hunted searched out and usually killed on sight by the SS the police and the local population the event came to be known cynically as the Murphy 8 lahars in the act the Murphy Ethel air hunt this area surrounded by a stone wall where the mortal remains of nearly 3,000 prisoners who died after liberation are now buried was created in 1941 initially there were workshops here and from 1944 onwards it was used as a quarantine area during this period the prisoners arriving by mass transport had to spend their first weeks here under harsh conditions this part of the camp known as camp 2 became a center of organized prisoner resistance in the months before liberation beyond this wall lay what was known as camp 3 an extension of the original prisoners camp during the final months of the war it became a site of mass death systematic mass murder but also of resistance at the end of 1944 this brick building the so-called new infirmary was finished and parts of it came into use it was like a small Hospital but the seriously ill and prisoners unable to work if they were not a member of a privileged prisoner group were considered useless the former infirmary has served as a museum building since 1970 having undergone major structural alterations on the ground floor you can visit the permanent exhibition the history of Mauthausen concentration camp 1938 to 1945 and in the basement the exhibition the crime scenes of malt housing searching for traces the killing area and the crematoria are located in the following basement rooms whilst at first the dead were burned in the municipal crematoria instea and Lintz in 1940 the camp's first incinerator went into operation a second oven was added in 1942 and a third in 1945 shortly before liberation these crematoria were used by the SS not only to dispose of the corpses but also to eliminate the traces of violence and neglect visible on those corpses separate prisoner work detachments were responsible for burning the corpses they were housed in this basement isolated from the rest of the camp starting in 1941 facilities for mass killing were installed here an execution room with an apparatus for shooting people in the back of the net and a gallows in early 1942 the SS began to operate a gas chamber after May 1945 at least 3,500 prisoners were killed in it using the poison gas suh kyung-bae after 1945 none of the SS men accused of committing crimes in the Mauthausen concentration camp ever tried to deny the existence of the gas chamber at Mauthausen or the murder of people in it the camp prison known as the bunker was completed in 1940 it consisted of 33 cells detention often made more severe by imprisonment in a blackout cell combined with withdrawal of rations was one of the official punishments the camp commandant was entitled to impose often he did this arbitrarily punishment was handed out for the violation of any number of regulations and prohibitions some of which were unknown to the prisoners and which often contradicted one another the bunker was also used to house prisoners who had been transferred to Mauthausen for execution some were shot in the camp prison courtyard others murdered in the gas chamber or execution room interrogations carried out by the SS and Gestapo in the bunker always went hand in hand with torture and severe mistreatment while the camp was in existence a Reich's idler or imperial eagle stood resplendent over the Gateway to the SS garage courtyard on May the 5th 1945 the day of the liberation of the Mauthausen concentration camp it was torn down by a group of prisoners in doing so they were getting rid of a clear and visible symbol of the National Socialist reign of terror in the final days before the liberation of the camp chaos prevailed the death toll was huge the SS tried to obliterate the traces of its crimes it had evidence destroyed and witnesses murdered on the morning of May the 3rd 1945 the prisoners lined up for their last roll call afterwards the SS handed over guard of the camp to a fire brigade unit from Vienna and left between August 1938 and 2 May 1945 around a hundred and ninety thousand prisoners were deported to Mount Hotham at least 90,000 died in the main camp or one of its sub camps many continued to die in the weeks and months after liberation as a result of concentration camp imprisonment only a few of those responsible were brought to account in court in the years and decades after the end of the war

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Comments

  1. You csn hear the narration perfectly well over the music if you turn the volume down a bit, id probably suggest no earphones.
    Nice vid better than most out there with littlw or no history

  2. Turn it into a Radisson theme park for neo-nazis. They would mortgage their caravans and house trailers for a chance to re-enact the holocaust in an authentic camp. 😂✡🕎⛤😂

  3. Mauthausen has a gas chamber. That gas chamber, has two doors. These are the only gas chamber doors attached to a homicidal gas chamber in Europe today. The gas chamber in Auschwitz no longer has a door, the gas chambers in Birkenau are ruins, the gas chamber in Stutthof (I think?) also does not have a door, and the gas chamber in Dachau was built but never used.
    My question is, is the gas chamber door at Mauthausen the original homicidal gas chamber door, or a post-war replica installed by the museum authorities for symbolic purposes?
    If anyone visits Mauthausen, please ask the staff.

  4. Finally somebody that knows the terminology of narration for that particular concentration camp video finally somebody had a brain to narrate it and tell the story behind it that's the way it's supposed to be done but the cheesy music behind it could have been left out and the audio could have been turned up a little bit for what the guy was saying otherwise it was a really good video

  5. It is so sad to watch these videos about the camps. It is so hard to understand how a racial group could try to wipe out another entire racial group, especially in such a sadistic way. If all these Jewish people were not killed, things would have been so much different. God gives everyone special talents. There could have been a lot of future doctors that could have saved a lot of lives. There could have been many future artist, pianist and writers. There could have been future scientists that could have found cures for deadly diseases.

  6. Thank you for sharing this with us. WWII left an imprint on my heart. So many dead so needlessly. We can learn from history yet it seems we never do. Now colleges want to tell young adults this never happened.

  7. Dear Максим Черный,
    You have made an impressive and good video. Thank you for that.
    Kind regards, Patrick

  8. Good film, good explanation. I was there. I will never forget it. Our children need to go there and see this stuff. Maybe, they might understand what went on. This needs to be taught in American schools. To the point of older comments:

    "luke Porter
    9 months ago
    Did this place have cliff were they walked people off with rocks I went to one in the year 2000 but can't remember which one"

    Yes –this is where they pushed the prisoners off at the top of the Quirey –they made each one push another off. The heavy rocks they brought up the stairs—they would push a man backward and watch him die falling down the rock steps with his heavy rock on top of him.
    The Germans have torn down and will do anything –to remove anything to get rid of WW2.

    Over the years, prisoners have returned and re-build parts of these camps (they had to be torn down because of health reasons). Never forget.

  9. It a shame that this concentration camp has been forgotten in history Rip all those who died here. Thanks for sharing

  10. This Camp is a reminder if you are of a different race/religion you better be not too trusting of people
    of a different race.

  11. I just found out that a holocaust survivor that I knew was a survivor of Mauthausen. I sat at his kitchen table and we shared shots of Kosher vodka and Kosher Schlivovitz. It was a nice conversation. He died about 5 years ago and I just found out that he was at Mauthausen. He was on a pile of bodies and someone noticed some movement and they saved him.

  12. and to think.. this still goes on.. and will become more prevalent as the decades roll on.. what a world.. I am glad I am old… And for those of you that do not believe what I have said.. Burn it into your memories.. so when you do finally become aware of it.. I can whisper from the grave.. "I told you so!" GOD help us all..

  13. Was there Sept 1987 the visitors centre is new and they opened a few more exhibits! The day I was there a group of Yugoslavian former inmates were there with me.

  14. Vast majority of Nazis were not prosecuted after the war. There would have been 1 million men in the SS. The Allies were more concerned about Communism by 1949 and the Berlin Blockade so they turned a blind eye to many war criminals. IG Farben, which ran the Auschwitz III (Monowitz) slave labour camp, was allowed continue in existence.

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