Mongolia Vacation Travel Video Guide

Mongolia Vacation Travel Video Guide



munguia a land between sky steps and deserts extreme exotic and mostly undiscovered home to nomads ringers Eagle hunters and horsemen a land of adventure a world of both faith and legend that is slowly awakening and beginning to remove its secret veil ulaanbataar capital of Mongolia super Avant Alma is situated in the center of the city a large square that is flanked by government buildings an opera house and various commercial enterprises miss metropolis set amid the steps is the pulsating heart of the country it combines the cultures of old with a lively feeling of moving towards New Horizons you this once socialist metropolis changes from day to day as does the lifestyle of its inhabitants from the Parliament building Genghis Khan watches over his people who are now adapting themselves to modern times the National Museum contains Mongolia's history in 1779 the country's religious leader settled here the spiritual center of Mongolia once lay directly on the Peking Irkutsk trading route at that time the city was called burgoo and life was determined by the region's monasteries and Lamas the boat-car museum is situated close to the river to seven temples and a single-story timber built building of Russian design the Winter Palace was built for the bulk Khan in 1912 the year when Mongolia gained its independence from China then the board Gaghan the most revered person in Mongolia became transformed into the board Khan who was then both the country's spiritual and worldly leader the throne Hall as well as the other rooms feature the palaces original furniture and also several gifts from numerous monarchs from here the country was ruled with Russian assistance until the declaration of the People's Republic Zander's our museum contains a number of works of the enlightened one at the age of 5 he became head of the Mongolian Buddhists and in tibet he was a student of both the Panchen Lama and the Dalai Lama finally he became the first board gergan Buddhist dignitaries who were head of their country for 300 years under Zen bazaars leadership Mongolia's first monasteries were built although the largest was constructed in 1838 the ganden hid the architecture of the temple complex indicates the Tibetan roots of Mongolian Buddhism both young and old lamas wear colorful clothes ganden hid is a pilgrimage destination for the faithful from all over mongolia they pray and wind prayer mills and crowd into the main sanctuary in the monasteries main temple is a 26 meter high statue the Buddha of mercy patron saint of Mongolia it weighs 20 tons and is decorated with gold of gems a classical building contains the Natural History Museum particularly well known are a number of exhibits that date back to primeval times dinosaur skeletons and petrified eggs from the Gobi Desert today the outlying districts of Alam Betar are inhabited by rural people who live in circular tents these Geir districts have no water supply proper drainage systems or electricity indeed the Mongolian nomads has no need of these services here freedom is the most prized possession this the only true city in Mongolia is expanding rapidly each day more young families settle here this modern city is currently experiencing a building boom structures of steel concrete and glass have emerged here since 1990 each plot of land is in use and there's increasing traffic new restaurants internet cafes and shops open from week to week rapid growth seems unstoppable and all on guitar is becoming you be construction work is everywhere the face of the city is constantly changing the young are beginning to follow Western fashion trends and culture commercial life is growing from strength to strength and those with money can shop till they drop there are also highly visible contrasts modern skyscrapers next to gas on wheels in the center of all ambit are the monastery Museum of Shushan la mean he'd opened its doors for courageous visitors this splendid building was constructed in 1904 the unique monastery complex was built for the younger brother of Mongolia's last monic tration was a member of the tantric school a buddhist doctrine he was highly influential due to his magical powers here ceremonies were practiced from which the normal faithful who were banned the river landscape outside the city gates is in strong contrast to the bad air and hubbub of the nearby metropolis pria banners and colorful cloth in the trees indicate a holy place here people collect health-giving berries from wild bushes Eve occations take place in various ceremonial locations the Shaymin gets in contact with the spirits of the faithful trance dance and drumbeats help him to release his soul from his body music dance and song have always been the main features of Mongolian culture and since 2002 this show theatre has presented the moonstone more than 90 young artists perform in this splendid review with breathtaking traditional music and dots Oh the mongolian long song religious songs traditional instrumentation the unique horse headed fiddle and fruit chanting it has the lot the choreography of the Mongolian Soul features wild temperament deep passion and boundless enthusiasm it's been an amazing visit to an exotic and little-known world and this capital city with all its incredible contrasts seems almost unreal but all ambit are is very much here now and heading for the future almost 50 kilometres east of oolong Berta is a leisure area for the inhabitants of the city the tariffs National Park riding cross-country and without limits and it's splendid and protected nature Mongolians can do what Mongolians do best huge rocks with strange names and splendid River Meadows welcomed those who come to one of the many share camps here relaxation is the order of the day with climbing hiking riding and even open-air billiards everywhere sheep and goats past your peacefully and remain unfazed by tourists buses and cars and enjoy running across the meadows on the slopes at the end of the valley is a small Buddhist monastery set in picturesque surroundings the journey to the top is well worth it the monastery was built for the wedding of a grandson of to shitcan to the 6th Princess of Qing Emperor Kangxi it lies in a scenic location with a wonderful view across the valley on the eastern edge of rulon Betar within the spacious plains of the river twirl there is a special tourist attraction the extravagant hotel mongolia this huge hotel complex resembles an old Buddhist monastery complex with a glass section and a central temple restaurant but those who come here is like being in another world beyond the huge walls of the temple city is a large circular tent on a moveable pedestal the leaders of the mongolian tribes once travelled in such tents the Nodame is performed and explained to tourists who have traveled here from around the world Nodame is the most important festival in mongolia the roots of this competition date back to the time of the ancient turks and hung genghis khan developed contests for his warriors from its traditions horse racing archery and wrestling the reenacted Nodame festival is opened with spirited dancing virtuous who throat singers and horse headed Fiddler's set the contestants in the right mood and a typical snake woman performs amazing acrobatic contortions finally wrestlers make ritual circles around their seconds the game is on they begin to wrestle weight categories are unknown here anyone can fight anyone the one to land on the ground first with any other part of the body but their hands and feet here's the loser the winner presents himself proudly to the admiring crowd after horse-racing and archery masks dunces complete the festival led by the old white man who symbolizes happiness at a long life and the horse headed fiddle accompanies the dancers who wear animal head masks a fine vinalia for a festival that reflects the gritty character of the country wild demanding and tough to the south of the city there's not a fine leisure area the bottle nature reserve is located at the end of a blossom carbon Valley hiking paths are ideal for a stroll and mysterious columns indicate those whose final resting place is here and everywhere flowers and green vegetation on the mountain slope at the end of the valley are the ruins of the man's a Shahid monastery that was founded in 1733 an historic place traces of the Turkish hordes were discovered here and it's also believed that Genghis Khan once had his headquarters within this sheltered Valley Gul'dan leader of the West Mongolians is said to have lost a battle against the Chinese emperor kangxi here a turning point in Mongolian history today only paintings a Buddha and an image of the Dalai Lama indicate religious faith you around 100 kilometers southwest of Alan Berta is the Christian national park the only surviving Brian evil horse breed in the world has found a new home in this harsh region the Turkish or Perceval ski horse nicolai preserve our ski discovered the last remaining horses of this breed that has been hunted nearly to extinction they were bred successfully in zoos so in 1990 they were removed from their natural habitat in the wild this remote mountain landscape also hides numerous stone monuments and tombs of the Turks who once came to this region there are also stags wolves and mammoths in a southerly direction our journey leads through endless steps made-up roads a few and far between the mountain region of Koh neocon will that is one of the Boggan I mag districts contains the most remarkable scenery well sheltered at the foot of the mountains is a small temple that also provides information several small stupors extend across the slope and indicate a holy place where once religious life took place the broken walls of the monastery ruins are a reminder of the hostilities that once took place between the army of dzungar Agartha and Bacchus – and the monks of Xan bazaar in the 17th century the monastery was destroyed and all of its monks killed this mystical landscape was well chosen by the mass a tranquil and remote place ideal for meditation Mongolia with its extensive steppes mountains and desert areas has always been a land of the nomads a race of herdsmen and horsemen proud of their traditions this untouched and spacious natural landscape with its grazing animals is a wonderful sight hi Emma Skye circles a bird of prey in search of a tasty dinner while visitors to the step are taken to a camp in which they can relax after an exciting day yeah camps have been constructed specially for tourists there are no buildings here only circular tents that are surrounded by a fence Gers a mobile tents that are also used by the nomads they are erected in the spring and taken down in the autumn instead of a metal lock the wooden doors are closed by rope sheep's wool hangs above a wooden framework and in the middle is a small oven with an outlet at the top of the tent when the weather's stormy the roof of the tent is fixed with rope and as soon as the fire has been lit it soon becomes warm in the gare a Mongolian treat night is about to begin early in the morning the journey continues past large herds and within something that is becoming increasingly rare in most countries space and lots of it our journey continues in a southerly direction across the steppes no roads here with nomads storms and well winds for company Mongolians must stop at each over and walk around the pile of stones three times thereby restoring inner peace you in huh Corrine former residents of those who once ruled Mongolia today there is little left to see however a few mysterious sites remain which along with the adenosyl monastery a highly evocative of this ancient city in central Mongolia for 32 years this was the center of one of the most powerful empires on earth everything was controlled from here of their former glory almost nothing has survived only the den a zoo monastery which after the breakup of the Soviet Union became active once again by command of the Hulk Prince AB Tech Khan in 1586 a monastery was built among the ruins of Mongolia's capital city Idina zoo was the first large monastery in what is today is Mongolia and was for some centuries an important center of Buddhism up until 1938 over 60 individual buildings that housed 1,500 devout llamas stood on these monastery grounds the walls and towers of the monastery made it a veritable fortress however in the 17th century its defenses were put to the test conversion of the Hulka Mongolians to the yellow belief of the Tibetans brought about much serious unrest in the course of armed conflict with the occupying forces of Manchuria the complex was badly damaged but later rebuilt a gentle breath of mystique and melancholy blows over the surviving ruins of this former cosmopolitan city in which even at that time and as decreed by law multicultural tolerance predominated close by huge artificial stone formations appear from nowhere car bogus the black ruins here banks of the once 12 meter high surrounding walls which consisted of unburned mud bricks in the 8th century this was the center of the Gurin realm long before the kitten or Genghis Khan settled here close to go green are the tomb columns of hosh old Saddam sacred places of the Turks who were once here lordcool tagging is worshipped here and the orc on rooms on the columns indicate the first Mongolian Scripture we visit another camp this one is on a hill slope with a view across the car : plains food is being prepared the staple diet of the Mongolians is meat there's always plenty to go around as each Nomad family possesses livestock there are hardly any vegetables apart from potatoes Mongolian cuisine is dominated by meat the daily life of the nomads is exhausting there's much work to do and everyone must join in including both young and old alike the duties are distributed in fine detail milking is the lifetime work of the women performed in an open space the men tend to their large herds of goats sheep cattle and yaks they drive them to the pastures on horseback the robust yaks are the most famous animals in Mongolia and are used as important beasts of burden plus they provide both milk and meat of course there's also a chef the head of the family's surveys controls and disposes always accompanied by his dog the horse is the mongolians most prized possession riding is in their blood on our travels further south we stopped at the shanghaied monastery today a place of silence and isolation once known as barroom curry or the western monastery it's believed that this monastery was also founded by Xan bazaar in 1921 it comprised 20 buildings that accommodated around 1,500 monks a fact difficult to believe today as in the rest of Mongolia in 1937 this monastery was closed most of the temples burned down and many of the monks taken to Siberia today the monastery is active once again and young monks greet the day with a time-honored ritual and walk to the main temple for prayer the temple that dates back to the 18th century and has survived together with a number of storehouses that were restored in 1990 faith was stronger than political doctrine religion won the day the orc on River Valley is one of the most important cultural landscapes in Mongolia the river sparkles in the sunlight as it winds its way across the green landscape that owes its fertility to the meandering water it's a place of great historical significance Alcorn Valley is situated amid the changhai Mountains birthplace of the Mongolian nation and the capital city of Carr Corinne was located here the most recent discoveries of prehistoric remains are helping to reveal the history of this extraordinary natural landscape ancient markings in the steep and almost inaccessible rock walls of a river have been discovered here by nomads the Orkin is a river of legend on the upper section of the river many important historic events have taken place the gentle flowing water has always followed the turbulent history of this region and it was the river that was the reason why people settled here the River Valley often changes in appearance close to the valley entrance the young river tumbles down into a pool below the importance of the Orkin valley in the history of middle asia is beyond question a colorful historical archaeological and cultural legacy in the north of the Orkin Valley on a remote hilltop of the kangeroo National Park is an old and famous monastery to Konya heed in 1653 the remarkable religious and political deity moon drug again zan bazaar came here the monastery that was built here has always been a place of tranquility and prayer as in all Buddhist monasteries daybreak has greeted ceremoniously here young monks blow into shells and turned towards all four points of the compass the monks into the assembly hall for their daily prayers a century-old ritual you various small temples were built each with its own function such as the SEM Xin temple there was a summer residence for senior religious guests and the Loveleen temple that was built in the 18th century at the command of loose and wada ha head of the Adina zu monastery Oh the complex nestled on a narrow mountain plateau landscape around the monastery is well sheltered the cave above the monastery is believed to be the place where Zen bizarre came to meditate the monks who live in this rocky area must be fit it's a steep climb to the rocky summit beyond the monastery they come to worship local deities in spirits we reach the middle go be the step changes to desert within this undulating landscape of the ruins of Enghien hid two monasteries were united here Barnum hid and who taught hid many artifacts highlighted bygone times since the political transformation of the country Buddhism has returned and the first temples have been rebuilt by young monks although this location with its sandy ground and crumbling walls resembles an ancient excavation site faith still lives on and has found a new home here my answer is typical of the Gobi Desert here life is possible the waterholes never dry out completely yet the Gobi is not what one may think of as a normal desert and is better described as a semi desert or to be more precise a desert savanna the bian Zao features the Sahul a bush that is resistant to salt very useful for the stabilization of the soil and as protection against the wind the climate of the Gobi Desert is extreme in daytime the temperature can be scorching hot and at night very cold but both animal and plant life have adapted to the climate cold dry winters are particularly challenging and the herds must be well protected in the middle of the Gobi Desert is a unique and spectacular natural landscape does Shalu hear a hint of the geological evolution of our planet is visible a remarkable region of prehistoric dimensions sixty million years ago dinosaurs inhabited the Gobi Desert for hundreds of years scientists have been on the trail of the dinosaur thus excavations have been made around the world that have led to the discovery of many fossilized remains the flaming cliffs of Galu are an evocative primeval see a seemingly endless expanse that reveals great geological transformation it was here that most saurian skeletons have been discovered along with entire nests the bra either excavated from the man or found in various sandstone cliffs amazing impressive and full of surprises the dinosaurs were most likely killed by the increasingly cold climate following millions of years of mild weather the Earth's climate dropped severely climate change took its toll a fact witnessed by the flaming cliffs of Galu the huge Hungarian else and you that is situated in a long valley between two mountain ranges also forms part of this natural landscape but only 3% of the Gobi Desert contains sand dunes and they are spread across the deserts the Gobi Desert is a unique landscape of rock stone and sand this the fifth largest desert on earth extends from southern Mongolia to northern China here camels have become domesticated they're bred from wild camels that we found in small well protected Hertz located in front of the 120 kilometer long sand you the Greenbelt looks like a fata morgana a small Congo water course nourishes both flora and fauna here the Gobi Desert is alive narrow as well as wired valleys with water courses are common a miracle of nature the Gobi Desert is inhabited by nomads and their girls goats and horse always accompany them life in this extremely rocky landscape is very hard a cold northwesterly wind blows constantly the dry ground is covered with petal loose and sand the Italian Marco Polo was the first European to travel through this region the female horses are milked mayor milk is a popular drink a gear is quickly erected wooden battens are joined together and covered with felt and now the comfortable home is ready Mongolian hospitality is well known everyone is welcome homemade cheese and the famous Iraq a part of every welcoming ceremony as well as a look at the family album up to 600 times the milk is stamped before it becomes Iraq and during the work there's lots of local gossip during each visit small gifts are exchanged and we're invited to come again the gobi desert also contains canyons one of the most famous is the yo lamb volchok a lien the first section can be covered on horseback but as it narrows it's only possible to proceed on foot a small mountain river flows between the narrow breach in the rocks and huge stones until the canyon opens up once again even in summer the sunlight cannot penetrate here and in winter it is freezing cold ice barricades the canyon amazing ice within a desert this region is not protected due to the value placed on this blend of natural environment that has to be found here a legacy of our planet that is certainly worthy of conservation occasionally we encounter sacred piles of stone and scattered around them modes left by the local vultures the gobi desert once contained dense vegetation as evidenced here in the rocky canyons and small streams a paradise for vultures the first flat dwellings in the flat step of the Gobi Desert appear sandy streets timber fences behind them small buildings and a pea table this is typical of life on the edge of the small capital of the omnigul i'ma De Anza dot this desert town close to the Chinese border as for many years been one of the most prosperous towns of the region it's a gateway between China and Mongolia there are several shops banks telephone companies a Main Street and administrative buildings that have been built according to the typical Russian design de Lanza dad was once a trading post with Kashmir wool and also a meeting place for the nomads and several historic events have taken place here in large stadium whistling matches are held and a monument of a famous wrestler indicates who were regarded as Mongolia superstars our final destination can only be reached by plane it's the country's most northwesterly region we take a short stop to fill up with petrol then the plane follows the course of the Mongolian Altai ol guy is the capital of the by an old guy I'm our district 2 westernmost region of Mongolia bordered by Russia and China in 1940 this amar was founded for the Cossacks an ethnic minority who were descended from Turkish Mongolian tribes in the 19th century Islam became the main religion here although shamanism of the ancestral worship are still common in contrast to the landscape around the city its few streets contain a few motor vehicles and even a traffic light it's almost urban daily life in the city differs from rural life the buildings are bigger and more striking and there's even a Mongolian type Russia although the typical Russian building style of the official buildings is obvious the city has established its own independent way of expressing itself discos and clubs are very popular with the young and the bay and square is also a regular meeting place landscapes of the Mongolian Altai are varied and quite unique rivers across fertile pastures and Mongolian steppes all framed by a majestic mountain world the inhabitants are still nomads and live amid the remote landscape with their animals either in small mud huts or traditional ger tents at first sight life here appears to be somewhat humble there's no electricity and water for cooking and washing is supplied by the river in the morning the people wash outside and at night the Altai is extremely cold the grassland is known as the birthplace of the nomads because in former times ancient Chinese nomads lived here along with herds of wild yak that have since become extinct due to overhunting Labour's are mostly related they often live within a visible distance of their relatives although that can be quite some distance they make their living from their herds of sheep goats cattle and horses the hospitality of the nomads is well-known they share everything they have and enjoy sitting together in a warmth it a few household implements are neatly arranged I'm following a meal salted milk tea is served the head of the family gets dressed for his daily Labor's and adjusts his equipment for a famous Kazakh an occupation the women clean the gear and the dishes here the dishwater never sees washing up liquid so it can be given to the dogs together with the rest of their feed for centuries the Kazakhs have been Eagle hunters even today they go hunting just like their ancestors the birds of prey with which they hunt are golden eagles that have a wingspan of more than two meters and are often awarded prizes the spacious landscape is an ideal hunting ground for the female Eagles that weigh up to 7 kilograms and they're able to kill young wolves they make circles and sky study the landscape then suddenly plunge down onto their prey at a speed of more than 200 km/h the birds work hard at the task for which the men are thankful and the loyal hunters are always given a tasty reward by their masters at seven to eight years of age before reaching sexual maturity the Eagles are released then they must hunt for themselves fascinating landscapes and endless Plains this land of blue skies displays all of its splendor the magic of Mongolia can be felt by all who come here this journey across a harsh and contrasting land has been an unforgettable adventure beyond compare you

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  1. At 38:10 – Dinosaurs were most likely killed off, or transformed, by an increase in Earth's gravity. The elephant is about the limit for a land animal today. Anything larger would collapse to the ground a suffocate like a beached whale.

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